Mariah
Osteosarcoma Survivor
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Josh
Brain Tumor Survivor
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Sydney
Leukemia Survivor
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Alijah
Leukemia Survivor
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Rosie
Wilms Tumor Survivor
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Ryan
Leukemia Survivor
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Sydney
Retinoblastoma Survivor
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Leukemias

Understanding leukemia

Leukemia is the most-common type of childhood cancer, accounting for approximately 25 percent of all childhood cancers.

Leukemia and other diseases of the blood and bone marrow may affect red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Children’s Cancer Research Fund is leading the way to a cure.

Learn more about the different types of childhood leukemia and their treatments:

Back to Types of Childhood Cancer

Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML)

AML is the second-most common form of leukemia in children, after acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). AML is primarily a cancer of the bone marrow and lymph nodes. Also called acute nonlymphocytic leukemia or acute myeloid leukemia, it can affect both children and adults. Read More

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia, also known as ALL, is the most common form of leukemia that occurs in children. It is characterized by the presence of too many immature white blood cells in the child's blood and bone marrow. While ALL can occur in adults too, treatment is different for children. Read More

Chronic Mylegenous Leukemia (CML)

Chronic mylegenous leukemia (CML) is a disease of the blood and bone marrow. In patients with CML, too many blood stem cells develop into abnormal white blood cells, crowding out healthy cells. CML is very rare in children. Read More

Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia (JMML)

Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia, or JMML, is a cancer of the blood. It occurs when too many immature white blood cells, called "myelocytes" and "monocytes," are made in the bone marrow. They eventually crowd out the healthy, normal cells that belong in the bone marrow. Read More

Myeloma/Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS)

Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is a label for several similar cancers of the blood and bone marrow. MDS is caused by abnormal development of the immature blood cells known as myeloid cells. These useless cells, or blasts, take up so much room that the levels of normal blood cells drop dangerously. Read More