Leukemia is the most-common type of childhood cancer, accounting for approximately 25 percent of all childhood cancers.
Leukemia and other diseases of the blood and bone marrow may affect red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Children’s Cancer Research Fund is leading the way to a cure.
Learn more about the different types of childhood leukemia and their treatments:
AML is the second-most common form of leukemia in children, after acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). AML is primarily a cancer of the bone marrow and lymph nodes. Also called acute nonlymphocytic leukemia or acute myeloid leukemia, it can affect both children and adults. Read More
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia, also known as ALL, is the most common form of leukemia that occurs in children. It is characterized by the presence of too many immature white blood cells in the child's blood and bone marrow. While ALL can occur in adults too, treatment is different for children. Read More
Chronic mylegenous leukemia (CML) is a disease of the blood and bone marrow. In patients with CML, too many blood stem cells develop into abnormal white blood cells, crowding out healthy cells. CML is very rare in children. Read More
Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia, or JMML, is a cancer of the blood. It occurs when too many immature white blood cells, called "myelocytes" and "monocytes," are made in the bone marrow. They eventually crowd out the healthy, normal cells that belong in the bone marrow. Read More
Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is a label for several similar cancers of the blood and bone marrow. MDS is caused by abnormal development of the immature blood cells known as myeloid cells. These useless cells, or blasts, take up so much room that the levels of normal blood cells drop dangerously. Read More